GNU is the only operating system developed specifically to give its users freedom. What is GNU, and what freedom is at stake?
What is GNU?
加拿大快乐8官方网站 www.pdpfy.tw GNU is an operating system that is free software—that is, it respects users' freedom. The GNU operating system consists of GNU packages (programs specifically released by the GNU Project) as well as free software released by third parties. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.
|Dragora / IceWM||Guix / GNOME3||Hyperbola / i3||PureOS / GNOME3||Trisquel / MATE|
What is the Free Software Movement?
The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Nonfree software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation.
What is Free Software?
Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.
More precisely, free software means users of a program have the four essential freedoms:
- The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
- The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
- The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others (freedom 2).
- The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now than they were in 1983.
More about GNU
GNU is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages.
The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r with n.
The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talks to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake.
GNU's own kernel, The Hurd, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.
The GNU Project encourages the community to communicate in ways that are friendly, welcoming and kind. See the GNU Kind Communications Guidelines.
Spring internships at the FSF! Apply by Nov. 29: Do you believe that free software is crucial to a free society? Do you want to help people learn why free software matters, and how to use it?..
Hang out with the FSF staff in Seattle, November 15: We are hosting this get-together to show our appreciation for your support of the FSF's work and to provide an opportunity to meet oth...
GNU Health HMIS 3.6 released !: Dear community: I am very proud to announce the release of the GNU Health 3.6 series ! This version is the result of many developments and integration of ideas...
- Support the efforts on net neutrality in the USA, and in your home country.
- Defend privacy, and support global copyright reform with LQDN.
- Support current FSF campaigns.
- Fight against software patents: worldwide, and in Europe.
Can you contribute to any of these High Priority Areas?
- Free phone operating system,
- decentralization, federation and self-hosting,
- free drivers, firmware and hardware designs,
- real-time voice and video chat,
- encourage contribution by people underrepresented in the community,
- and more.
Can you help maintain a GNU package?
- cfengine, freetalk, halifax, mcron, quickthreads, are all looking for maintainers.
- Also, these packages are looking for co-maintainers: aspell, bison, gnuae, gnubik, metaexchange, powerguru, xboard.
See the package web pages for more information.